For my Armchair BEA giveaway post, I am giving away a copy of Rules of Civility by Amor Towles!
Rules of Civility: A Novel by Amor Towles was a FANTASTIC book–one I highly recommend to all historical fiction fans, if not all fans of good books in general. I loved it because it perfectly captures a complex, layered and authentic year in time of a young, impressionable immigrant woman trying to rise to greatness in Manhattan during the late 1930′s. Towles proves his literary abilities to be superior, giving the book genuine charm, sophisitcation, and spirit. I could ramble on and on about how well-crafter this book is written, but I’ve got a great Q&A with Amor Towles, so make sure to check that out, because he tells the story of creating Rules of Civility much better than I possible could.
While the book begins at an art exhibit opening at the Museum of Modern Art in the 1960′s, the heart of the story begins on the last night of 1937, when Katya (Katey to everyone but her immigrant parents) Konent and her roommate Eve end up celebrating New Years Eve at a Greenwich Village jazz bar. The girls don’t have dates, and they’ve already drank up their dinner money, so they welcome the chance meeting of the dashing banker Theodore “Tinker” Grey, who is seated alone at the next table, seemingly waiting for someone. Towles writes the following about that moment:
Couldn’t you just have guessed it? How the WASPs loved to nickname their children after the workaday trades: Tinker. Cooper. Smithy. Maybe it was to hearken back to their seventeenth-century New England bootstraps–the manual trades that had made them stalwart and humble and virtuous in the eyes of their Lord. Or maybe it was just a way of politely understating their predestination to having it all.
Tinker’s brother never shows, so the trio become fast friends, and Katey and Eve are thrust into a dazzling world of wealth, gin and glamor. Of course, both Katey and Eve are vying for Tinker’s eye and eventual hand in marriage, so that they might someday leave their world of boarding houses and secretarial pools. While this sounds a bit superficial on the surface, trust me, it isn’t, as in real life, there is always more that what lies on the surface. Katey seems to have the upper hand in landing Tinker, running into him at lunchtime, and even sharing a kiss with him.
“I freed my hands and put a palm on the smooth skin of his cheek, taking comfort in the well-counseled patience for that which bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, and most importantly endures them.”
The girls friendship is deteriorating while Tinker’s and Katey’s relationship is growing stronger, and then the delicate teeter-totter is tipped forever when Eve is severely injured in a car accident. Wracked with guilt, Tinker has Eve move into his Central Park West apartment, and Katey realizes that she’s lost them both, once Eve and Tinker begin to have a relationship. Katey finds much inner strength while moving into an apartment of her own, quitting her job, and circulating in new rich circles, thanks to landing a great new job. She becomes an editorial assistant for a new magazine, and learns that Eve and Tinker have plans to marry. Katey tries to move on, living her own life on the rise, while Eve and Tinker seem to have it all on the surface, but then Katey learns a shocking secret after Tinker’s godmother (a wealthy society woman), shares the real truth about who the man Tinker Grey used to be, and how he became the man everyone thought he really was. Katey, Tinker and Eve’s stories all end as you’d never expect to imagine them, which of course makes this novel ever so delightful. As Katey looks back on 1938, she thinks the following:
Life doesn’t have to provide you any options at all. It can easily define your course from the outset and keep you in check through all manner of rough and subtle mechanics. To have even one year when you’re presented with choices that can alter your circumstances, your character, your course–that’s by the grace of God alone. And it shouldn’t come without a price.
A CONVERSATION WITH AMOR TOWLES:
Q. Why did you decide to write a book set in the late 1930s and how did you research the period?
A. I’ve always had a great interest in the period between 1900 and 1940 because it was an era of such incredible creative combustion.
In retrospect, the pace of change in the arts and industry in the 19th century seems pretty glacial. Painting, music, the novel, architecture were all evolving, but at a pretty observable pace. Then in the span of a few decades you have James Joyce, Nijinsky, Cubism, Surrealism, jazz, Henry Ford, Sigmund Freud, the Russian Revolution, movies, airplanes, skyscrapers and the general upending of received forms in almost every area of human endeavor.
Over the years, I listened to the music, saw the movies, read the novels and manifestos, lingered in front of the paintings. So I really didn’t do any applied research for the book. Rather, I tried to rely on my secondhand familiarity with the period to orient my imagination.
Q. Why did you decide to write a book from the perspective of a young woman?
A. Some writers like John Cheever and Raymond Carver seem to draw artistic energy from analyzing the realm of their own experiences—their social circles and memories and mores. I’m one of those who draw creative energy from the opposite. I prefer to put myself in an environment that’s farther afield and look through the eyes of someone who differs from me in age, ethnicity, gender and/or social class. I think a little displacement makes me a sharper observer. It’s that challenge of trying to imagine what’s on top of the dresser—the small thing that’s always there on the periphery that somehow brings events into focus.
Q. Were there any personal influences from the 1930s that informed the book?
A. None of the characters in the book is based on anyone in particular. But three of my grandparents and a great-grandmother lived into their late 90s or early 100s. My maternal grandparents lived across the street from me in the summers and I’d see them every day. Over lunch when I was in my twenties, it was great fun to talk with them about their lives between the Wars—when they were young adults. My grandmother, who was simultaneously a woman of manners and verve, fended off marriage proposals until she was 30 because she was having too much fun to settle down. Like the book’s narrator, she pushed a rival in furs into the drink before ultimately accepting my grandfather’s proposal.
To some degree, these conversations (with my grandmother in particular) solidified my view that her generation was less Victorian than my parents’ generation. I think the 1920s and 1930s had a certain openness that was countered by the conformity of the 1950s.
Q. Talk about the role of chance encounters in the book.
A. One of the central themes in the book is how chance meetings and offhand decisions in one’s twenties can define one’s life for decades to come. I think there is something universal about this dynamic, but it was certainly my experience.
In 1989, I had a fellowship to teach for Yale in China for two years. I came back from California to New Haven to spend the summer learning Chinese, but because of Tiananmen Square, Yale cancelled the program. They gave us each a few thousand dollars and sent us on our way. I had all my belongings in my car and had no idea what to do with myself. As it turned out, an old friend needed a roommate in New York to split the rent, so I moved here.
My first night in the city, I got invited to a party at the home of an acquaintance. There, I met a few people who ultimately became close friends. In retrospect, a number of careers and marriages sprang from the intersection of social circles at that party—but we certainly didn’t realize the importance of the encounters at the time. We were just meeting for drinks, making haphazard alliances and cursory decisions, shaping our futures unwittingly.
Q. Do you think Katey’s story could have occurred somewhere other than New York?
A. I certainly hope so. I think the book’s themes of self-invention, aspiration, love and loss, are recognizable in any corner of America. But one interesting aspect of New York is that it is a leading capital for advertising, art, broadcasting, fashion, finance, food, journalism, music, publishing, theater, etc. This means that every year, young people from all over the world with very different backgrounds, interests and ambitions descend on the city. They are all looking to establish connections (in the E. M. Forester sense as well as the networking sense). This just increases the odds that the person you sit next to at a diner could change your life.
Q. Tell us about George Washington and his Rules of Civility…
A. I’m very interested in periods where there is a density of creative invention: Like the early Renaissance in Tuscany (with Massacio, della Francesca, Botticelli and Donatello), or jazz in the late 50s in New York (with Davis and Coltrane and Monk and Gillespie); or crime drama on TV in the 70s (with Kojak, Rockford, McGarrett, and Columbo). Throughout history there seem to be these brief periods when a group of varied talents come together and advance a whole art form by leaps and bounds. In some semi-competitive or cooperative dialogue, the players bring out the best in each other by spurring inspiration and risk taking, while defining new forms and frontiers. When I find a period like this I like to delve.
One of those periods for me is the revolutionary period in America. Jefferson, Adams, Washington, Hamilton, Madison, Franklin were all men of such sweeping talent and character. In an incredibly short period, they formulated a system of ideals and practical applications, which has served us well for centuries.
Initially, I imagined Tinker as an avid student of the period. But once into the book, I happened to pull a collection of Washington’s writings off my shelf, which led off with his “Rules of Civility”—and I knew right away that the “Rules” should be the primary thing that Tinker had studied. My book investigates social stratification and manners, character and appearance, ideals and compromise—and Washington’s youthful list somehow seems at the heart of the whole crazy matter.
Q. The book investigates the nuances of social strata in the 1930s. Do you think the influence of class is the same in today’s America?
A. I’m not a sociologist, but it seems to me that the composition of America’s social strata has changed in meaningful ways since the first half of the century. The Second World War and the GI Bill were great leveling influences, in which many working class individuals migrated from their ethnic communities towards a more homogenous middle class. At the same time, the aristocratic families of the 1920s began to abandon the outward pomp of cotillions and tails. Wonder Bread™, Budweiser™ and Chock Full o’ Nuts™ found their place in pantries high and low (with consistency and low price being attained at the expense of differentiation and flavor). This convergence has had weird byproducts: The vast majority of Americans, spanning a wide array of economics (from the statistically rich to the statistically poor), now identify themselves as “middle class.” And where in the first half of the century the struggling youth would have aspired to the narrow circles of aristocracy, in recent decades the affluent youth have aspired to the fashion and cadences of the streets.
But having made these rough generalizations about transformation, I’d say that many aspects of 1930s social behavior prevail. We clearly still live in an aspirational society. We have just exited half a decade when virtually every tier of the American population has borrowed money in order to buy bigger cars and bigger houses with better fixtures. And we still have American youth in pursuit of success and stature, though success and stature today may mean wearing sneakers at a start-up, rather than a tuxedo at a country club.
Q. Could you describe how the book was written?
A. In my late thirties and early forties, I wrote a novel set in the farmlands of Stalinist Russia, which I ultimately stuck in a drawer. It’s pretty depressing to work on something for seven years and dislike the outcome…
That book had five points of view and a series of complex events that had been roughly outlined. As an investment professional with two young children, this structure proved hellish. Every time I sat down to work on the book, I needed two hours just to figure out where I was. Worst of all, in re-reading later drafts, I often found that the material from the first year was the best.
So in launching a new book, I decided it would be a distinctive first person narrative; all events and characters would be carefully imagined in advance; and it would be written in one year. After a few weeks of preparation, I started Rules of Civility on January 1, 2006 and wrapped it up 365 days later. The book was designed with 26 chapters, because there are 52 weeks in the year and I allotted myself two weeks to draft, revise and bank each chapter.
I revised the book thoroughly three times over the next three years (mostly making it shorter); but the original constraint of a 12 month draft proved a much more effective artistic process for me than an open-ended one. Not coincidentally, the book opens on New Year’s Eve and ends a year later.
Q. What have you been reading?
A. Around the time I turned 40, in reading Where Shall Wisdom Be Found, Harold Bloom’s tribute to reading literature for wisdom, I was struck by how little time I had left to read seriously. I figured I was lucky if I could read one book deeply per month. If I lived to 80, that was 480 more books. With that shocking consideration as a backdrop, three friends and I formed a group to read extraordinary works of literature.
The acid test for books of inclusion has been that they have been proven by history to merit multiple readings in a lifetime. We started with Remembrance of Things Past and then read works of Twain, Whitman, Dickinson and Thoreau as a precursor to reading works of Faulkner. Then we did Cervantes and Borges before reading Marquez. Last year we read through Nabokov’s American period and we have now moved on to Chekhov and Tolstoy.
To order your paperback copy of Rules of Civility: A Novel, visit Amazon.com now.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Born in 1964, Amor Towles was raised in a suburb of Boston, Massachusetts. He graduated from Yale College and received an M.A. in English from Stanford University. He is a principal at an investment firm in Manhattan, where he lives with his wife and two children.
Mr. Towles is an ardent fan of early 20th century painting, 1950’s jazz, 1970’s cop shows, rock & roll on vinyl, obsolete accessories, manifestoes, breakfast pastries, pasta, liquor, snow-days, Tuscany, Provence, Disneyland, Hollywood, the cast of Casablanca, 007, Captain Kirk, Bob Dylan (early, mid, and late phases), the wee hours, card games, cafés, and the cookies made by both of his grandmothers.
His only other published work is a short story cycle called “The Temptations of Pleasure” published in 1989 in Paris Review 112.
Rules of Civility Giveaway:
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Contest ends Tuesday, June 12, 2012 at 10 p.m.
Disclosure: While I was not paid for this post, I was sent the same book, in exchange for my honest review. Not sure if I’m using that book, or one provided by the publisher, as this giveaway item.